The oldest description of mycetoma appears to date back to the ancient Indian Sanskrit text AtharvaVedain which reference is made to padavalmikam translated to mean “ anthill foot”
The first reports on mycetoma appeared in 1694 by EngelbertKaempfer a German physician. In 1842, Gill reported the disease in Madurai, Southern India, hence the name Madura foot, a term that is no longer used. Van Dyke Carter (1860) named the disease mycetoma (mykes = fungus and oma denotes tumour) after isolating a fungus for the first time.
Although the first reports on mycetoma originated from India, by the beginning of the 20th century interest in mycetoma research had shifted to Africa. Gemy and Vincent reported the first African mycetoma case from Tunisia in 1894. Since then many reports on the disease were published and have formed the foundation of current knowledge and research on mycetoma